Self Harm - Definition, Symptoms & Causes
Updated 04 July 2011
Self harm is the act of harming or hurting oneself. A person often struggles with personal difficulties for some time before they self harm. Self harming can occur at any age. It is more common in young women than men. Some groups of young people self harm together. Self harm is more common in asylum seekers, prisoners, veterans and gay, lesbian and bisexual people, than in other groups of people, mainly because of the particular stresses they experience which others do not.
Symptoms of Self Harm
Alcohol dependence, body piercing, body punching, drug abuse, head banging, object swallowing, skin burning, skin cutting, tablet overdosing, and unsafe sex are ways in which people self harm. To others, such acts may appear deliberate. They notice tablet overdosing more than skin cutting. For someone self harming, these sudden or planned, regular or one off acts are attempts to deal with intolerable distress or guilt, increase the risk of acting on suicidal thoughts, and should always be taken seriously.
Causes of Self Harm
The causes of self harm include childhood issues, depression, emotional abuse, hopelessness, isolation, mental health problems, personal relationships, personality difficulties, physical abuse, powerlessness, sexual abuse, and work stress. A person often self harms when they feel out of control. Out of control alcohol dependence and drug abuse make self harming more likely. Self harm mainly involves private, silent suffering, but is sometimes a punishment or communication of distress without words to another.
Psychodynamic therapy to treat self harm6163 10387 Sarah Graham | Sunday 07 June 2015
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy to treat self harm8547 19430 Sarah Graham | Wednesday 27 May 2015
Your experiences: Counselling for depression10990 0 Sarah Graham | Monday 27 April 2015
Therapists explain common causes of self harm697 5000 Sarah Graham | Friday 27 February 2015
How to support someone who is self harming609 9405 Sarah Graham | Friday 27 February 2015