menu icon
Search updated

Cognitive Therapy

How Personal Issues Arise - A Cognitive Therapy View

Cognition, or how a person processes and interprets experiences, affects how they feel and behave. A person learns ways of processing and interpreting which are functional or dysfunctional. Dysfunction can lead to anger, anxiety, depression, personality disorders or relationship problems.
Three Cognitive Therapy Concepts about the Mind
  • A person?s schemas produce automatic thoughts which bias views of themself and experiences
  • Schemas consist of underlying beliefs which are functional or dysfunctional
  • Schemas form through biological, developmental, environmental and evolutionary factors

The Client - Cognitive Therapy Therapist Relationship

To reduce symptoms, the therapist helps the client to identify, examine, and reality test negative automatic thoughts which affect emotions and behaviours. The client learns functional thinking and self help skills. Therapy may involve behavioural interventions and assertiveness or communication training.

The Aim of Cognitive Therapy

To remove negative bias from how and what a client thinks.