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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

How Personal Issues Arise - A Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) View

Cognition, or how a person processes and interprets experiences, affects how they feel and behave. Behaviour is also learnt through conditioned and reinforced responses to objects and situations. A person may develop ways of processing, interpreting and behaving which are functional or dysfunctional.
Three Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) Concepts about the Mind
  • A person?s schemas produce automatic thoughts which bias views of themself and experiences
  • Schemas consist of underlying beliefs which are functional or dysfunctional
  • Systematic desensitisation uses relaxation to diminish fear of objects or situations

The Client - Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) Therapist Relationship

The therapist helps the client to identify, examine, and reality test negative automatic thoughts which affect emotions and behaviours. The client learns functional thinking, behaviour and self help skills. Therapy may involve relaxation training, systematic desensitisation, or graduated exposure.

The Aim of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

To remove negative bias from how a client thinks and behaves.