What is Counselling?

Counselling is a collaborative relationship between a client - a person who is being counselled, and a counsellor - a person who has received training in counselling at a recognised institute of counselling, is recognised as a counsellor by a professional counselling body, is bound by the ethical code of the professional counselling body, and who practices counselling. A client and counsellor work together to address the difficulties the client is experiencing.
A client's difficulties are generally seen as arising from one or more of three areas - past experiences, the current environment, and relationships, so each area may be explored in order to understand the cause of the difficulties. This process involves the client being the focus, leading the way in what is talked about. Counselling is a method of addressing a client's issues that works with a tendency towards positive change, which is often stifled when people experience difficulties.
Counselling is a set of theories and techniques derived from observations made by counsellors: a counsellor uses ones which apply to a client's problem. Exploration, attentive listening, non judgemental reflection, regard and support are also used as these conditions can help a client to grow and change. The counselling relationship follows mutually agreed rules, towards a goal, with the aims of developing a client's strengths and enabling the client to find their own solutions.